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Nonprofit/profit dimension


The Nature of Organization in Transnational Networks (Part #5)


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  1. All resources received as untied donations, subsidies, or grants
  2. Some resources received in exchange for services at cost (e.g., consultancy or sale of publications); most resources freely donated.
  3. Some resources received as a profit on services performed (e.g., consultancy or sale of publications); most resources freely donated.
  4. Most resources received as a profit on services performed, but profits are used to develop the organization and arc never redistributed to shareholders (e.g., not-for-profit research institutes).
  5. Government controlled and possibly subsidized (i.e., where profit is not the major criterion, e.g., nationalized enterprises, possibly with international operations).
  6. Intergovernmental business enterprises created by intergovernmental agreement (e.g., European Company for the Chemical Processing of Irradiated Fuels, European Company for the Financing of Railway Rolling Stock).
  7. Nonprofit corporations created or sustained by profit corporations and receiving direct subsidies from the 'parent' body (e.g., Esso European Research Laboratory (Research functions only), ITT Europe (administrative functions only), certain corporationcreated foundations).
  8. Organizations which in themselves are non-profit, but from which members derive financial profit by the regulatory and exclusive features arising from membership (e.g., trade unions, and certain professional bodies; trade associations and chambers of commerce; cartels, monopolies, and trusts).
  9. Profit-motivated business corporations.