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Kairos: Overview / Content

Kairos is an experimental presentation of some 2,000 articles on the related Laetus-in-Praesens site -- using the extensive search and indexing facilities of a content management system. It also includes some 300 documents commenting on the methodology and content of the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential and published in its various editions. These also continue to be archived in their original form on the site of the Union of Intelligible Associations -- historically associated with the Laetus site. Many of those documents derived from articles on the Laetus site and their organization by project offers an understanding of the interrelationship between the themes explored.
It is expected that articles will continue to be produced for the Laetus site and imported into Kairos -- in order to benefit experimentally from new possibilities as they are activated. Access via the menu items (left margin), search box (top left) and list facilities (top right) is essentially self-explanatory. The following indications are not necessary -- unless more detailed explanation is desired.

Related overviews -- also accessible from the left-margin menu:

Brief overview of thematic content: The documents cover a wide range of topics which can be clustered as: Distinct insights into the content of the site can be obtained by use of the menu sort facilities to highlight: Other insights into the relationship between the themes treated can be variously obtained from: An underlying concern is how these preoccupations interweave to enable comprehension of more integrative possibilities for the future. This concern has notably been embodied in the online Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential in relation to which many of the earlier documents were produced.

Source articles:

  • From Laetus-in-Praesens: The Kairos collection of documents is derived from the collection of some 2000 articles, documents and reports (termed "articles" in what follows) held on the Laetus-in-Praesens website in PHP format.

    Those articles tend to be of relatively greater length (typically up to 150 kb), with each composed of a number of sections, each with its own distinct title. The sections of the articles have been imported into Kairos, split such as to form over 8700 separate documents (with their individual identifying titles), linked so as to retain the sequence in the original PHP article -- which thus takes the form of a set of documents, as clarified below.

  • From Encyclopedia: As noted above, a further 300 documents (typically up to 25kb), being commentaries on the Encyclopedia and its 7 sub-projects, have also been imported into Kairos -- preserving their relationship to those sub-projects. Many derive in part from the Laetus articles, or have been adapted from them.

Content management system The documents separated in this way in Kairos are managed within the Drupal content management system. The PHP articles are segmented for import into Drupal using a suite of programs developed within a DOS-based software application. The programs notably create a variety of additional documents (author names, links, etc) derived from those sections.

This Drupal facility has been enabled with the much appreciated support of Tomáš Fülöpp -- without whose encouragement, patience and expertise the Kairos system would not have been developed.

  • Document identifier: It is appropriate to note that, in contrast to many content management applications, which identify documents in terms of a numeric node, the choice was made in the import of the article sections to identify them using a comprehensible variant of the original path to the PHP version -- appending a record type. This considerably facilitates the task of repairing errors in those articles as they are gradually detected.
  • Hybrid structure: Treating the import of documents as a process which may be repeated means that the content management system is to a greater extent used as a presentation system -- but benefitting where possible and appropriate from some of the facilities for which Drupal is renowned.

Documents The content section in the Kairos facility is composed of some 9000 documents of the following types.

Bibliographic documents: The final section of the original PHP article is frequently a bibliography of works cited in that article ("References"). This has been treated as a distinct document type within the Kairos collection, as follows:

  • Bibliographic references, namely the original PHP article bibliography. The bibliographic items within each (author, publication details, etc) have been reformatted. Links are provided from the author to the relevant author records in a separate document type (described below). There are currently some 337 bibiographic reference records. Example for the above case:
  • Author records, namely a clustering together by author of both the author's publications (as originally cited) and of the Kairos documents within which those publications are cited. This document type is generated as an extract from the bibliographic references. There are currently over 5967 author records (clustering 13,600 publications cited, multiple editions double-counted; the records are cited by 14,300 Kairos main documents). Examples (for several authors cited in the above case:
References from within document parts References within the body of the text may be of three types:
  • Bibliographical references (with or without web links): Repeated with more detail (including any web link) in the relevant references record.
  • Newspaper and other web references: Typically not repeated in the relevant references record.
  • Links to other Kairos documents: Also clustered in two separate checklist records:
    • documents citing that document. There are currently 1784 "From-K" checklist records of this type (clustering 18,577 links)
    • documents cited by that document. There are currently 1178 "To-K" checklist records of this type (clustering 18,704 links)
    These checklists cite the main document of the set, but not the part in which the citation otherwise appears, or from which it is made. In the case of the documents for the Encyclopedia sub-projects, a distinct type of "checklist" is used to cluster the commentaries by sub-project -- as indicated on each page.
  • Links to PDF versions of early articles and reports: Some articles, notably dating from the 1960s or 1970s, have not been fully processed following digitisation. Links may then also be provided to PDF versions (especially in the form of collections of articles). These may be of greater clarity with respect to images and tables.
Set of documents: In summary, any original PHP article, from which the documents on this Kairos site were derived, can then be understood as composed as follows:
  • Main document (DocMain): The first section of the original article, frequently including an introduction and a table of contents linking to the document parts
  • Document parts (DocPart): The second and subsequent sections, if any
  • Encyclopedia commentaries (Encyc): Documents, notably variously derived or adapted from the original Laetus articles
  • Bibliographic references: The references section, if any, at the end of the article. No such references have been extracted from the Encyclopedia commentaries.
Note that the following, mentioned above, do not form part of the original PHP article, or the Kairos document set:
  • Author records, which are extracted from the Bibliographic references
  • Citation link records between Kairos documents, which are extracted from the document sets

Images within documents: The images which were present in the original PHP articles are also present in the Kairos documents. The images are in fact retrieved from the same location and are not specially stored in the Drupal content management system. Separate access to images on the Kairos-Laetus site is notably possible through Google indexing of those images, as described in the left-margin menu item Visuals / Images. For this site, the Google facility indicates over 2,700 images. Those images provide access to the original PHP article in which they were located by Google, from which access to the Kairos documents is then possible.