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Levels of Civil Society and Public Policy Implications

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Table 2 of NGOs and Civil Society: Some Realities and Distortions: the challenge of 'Necessary-to-Governance Organizations' (NGOs)


Explanation

Features of civil action

Public policy concerns

Level

Characteristics

Public law and order

Public morality

Public health

Public safety

Human
rights

Public funds

1

Informal assembly

Friends
Colleagues
Concerned citizens

. . . . . .

 

2

Action initiatives

Hear speeches
Celebration
Relgious celebration
Recreation / Music / Sport
Drinking club
Assistance to others
Mutual assistance
Distribution of texts
Distribution of supplies
Distribution of funds
Sell/Buy goods
Training courses
Conduct experiments
Formulate declarations
Demonstration

. . . . . .

 

3

Formal organization

Have name
Have statutes
Elect representatives
Obtain membership funds
Have formal meetings
Address / Phone
Fax / E-mail

. . . . . .

 

4

Acquire permanent facilities

Hire staff
Open bank account
Open secretariat offices

 

. . . . . .

 

5

 

Obtain recognition from...

Professional authorities
Religious authorities
Government (legal status)
International bodies

 

. . . . . .

 

6

Acquire immunity from...

Expropriation of property
Communication surveillance
Search and requisition

 

. . . . . .

 

7

Develop relationships

Fund initiatives
Undertake contracts
Open regional offices
Membership of national coalitions
Membership ofinternational bodies
Receive foreign funding
Give foreign funding
Attract volunteers

. . . . . .

 

8

Receive official support for action

Subventions / Grants / Loans
Subsidized
* facilities
* offices
* personnel
* meeting rooms
Protection of offices

 

. . . . . .

 

9

Obtain privileges to facilitate action

Legal facilities
Tax exemption
Customs facilities
Currency exchange facilities
Visa facilities
Communication facilities
Travel facilities
Personnel facilities
Social security
Tax exemption

 

. . . . . .

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